Enable a “Windows 7 Superbar” in Ubuntu 10.04

Windows 7 provides the ability to pin frequently-used applications to the Taskbar, or Superbar, as it has become known. You can achieve a similar effect in Ubuntu using a Gnome panel plugin, called DockBarX, which allows you to pin, unpin, and launch applications from the panel.

Before you install DockBarX, you must first add the source for the DockBarX package. Select Administration | Software Sources from the System menu.

Opening Software Sources

On the Software Sources dialog box, click the Other Software tab and click the Add button.

Software Sources dialog box - Add button

In the APT line of the dialog box that displays, enter the following line:

ppa:dockbar-main/ppa

Click Add Source.

Adding the source

Click the Close button.

NOTE: When you close the Software Sources dialog box, a dialog box may display asking you to reload to get the updated packages in the repository you added. If you see that notice, click the Reload button on the dialog box.

Closing the Software Sources dialog box

Select Accessories | Terminal from the Applications menu.

05_opening_a_terminal_window

To be sure your repositories are up-to-date, enter the following line at the command line and press Enter:

$ sudo apt-get update

Update command

To install DockBarX now, enter the following line at the command line and press Enter:

$ sudo apt-get install dockbarx

Command to install DockBarX

The system determines what packages are needed, tells you how much space DockBarX requires, and then asks if you want to continue. Press ‘Y’ and then press Enter.

Press Y to continue

The installation process begins. When it is finished, you are returned to the command line. Type exit and press Enter to close the Terminal window.

09_closing_the_terminal_window

Now, we need to add the DockBarX applet to the panel. We added it to our bottom panel to make it seem like the Windows 7 Superbar. You can add it to a different panel, if desired.

Right-click on the panel and select Add to Panel from the popup menu.

Add to Panel option

Scroll down in the list and select the DockBarX Applet. Click Add. It is immediately added to the panel.

Adding DockBarX to the panel

Click Close to close the Add to Panel dialog box.

Closing the Add to Panel dialog box

To give ourselves plenty of room for programs on the bar, we moved it all the way to the left next to the Show Desktop button on the left.

It is rather hard to see the left edge of the DockBarX bar. The easiest way to locate it, is to open a program, such as the File Browser, and minimize it such that it displays on the DockBarX bar. Right-click on the three horizontal bars to the left of the File Browser icon to access the popup menu for DockBarX and select Move. Note that you might have to double right-click to access the menu. DO NOT click again yet. The cursor becomes a hand. Move your mouse to the left and then click when you have the bar where you want it.

Moving DockBarX

To lock DockBarX in place, right-click on the three horizontal bars to the left of the icon on the bar and select Lock To Panel from the popup menu.

Locking DockBarX to the panel

If you want to pin the File Browser, or any other open program, to the DockBarX bar, right-click on the icon for the program you want to pin and select Pin application from the popup menu.

Pinning an application

You can now launch the File Browser by just clicking the icon on the DockBarX bar.

16_file_manager_pinned

There are many properties you can customize for DockBarX. To access the properties, right-click on the three horizontal bars on the left side of the bar and select Properties from the popup menu.

Getting the properties for DockBarX

The DockBarX preferences dialog box displays with the Appearance tab active. On this tab, you can select a theme for the buttons on the bar and the colors for various parts of DockBarX, such as the popup that displays when you move the mouse over a button on the bar (see the picture of the mouse over the File Manager icon above). You can also change the effect to be used when an application on the bar needs attention.

DockBarX preferences dialog box - Appearance tab

The Popup Window tab allows you to specify the look and behavior of the popup windows. Change the Alignment of the text in the popup, the Delay before the popup displays, and whether Previews are displayed for the applications on the bar. If you only have one application icon on the bar you don’t want to see a popup for only one application, select the Show popup only if more than one window is open check box.

DockBarX preferences dialog box - Popup Window tab

Use the Group Button tab to define the Groupbutton actions for the various key and mouse button combinations listed and the “Select” action options.

DockBarX preferences dialog box - Group Button tab

Use the Window Button tab to specify the behavior of the various key and mouse button combinations with regards to the windows for the applications on the bar.

DockBarX preferences dialog box - Window Button tab

The Advanced tab contains some miscellaneous check box options, the Opacify option, and Global Keyboard Shortcuts you can specify.

Opacify is a way to find a window using the bar. When Opacify is on and you roll over a name in the group list for a window with the mouse, all other windows become transparent so you easily can spot the desired window.

Opacify requires Compiz Fusion and you need to activate the plugin Opacity, Brightness and Saturation in the CompizConfig Settings Manager. Unfortunately, when we turned this option on in the CompizConfig Settings Manager (System | Preferences | CompizConfig Settings Manager), the Opacify option in DockBarX did not seem to work. If you get the Opacify option to work, let us know.

NOTE: If you need to install the CompizConfig Settings Manager, enter the following line at the command line in a Terminal window:

$ sudo aptitude install compizconfig-settings-manager

DockBarX preferences dialog box - Advanced tab

Additional themes are available for DockBarX. To install these themes, open a Terminal window again, type the following line at the command line, and press Enter.

$ sudo apt-get install dockbarx-themes-extra

When the installation is finished, type exit at the command line and press Enter to close the Terminal window.

Command to install extra themes

Now, when you go back into the DockBarX preferences dialog box, you will see a lot more themes listed in the Theme drop-down list. We selected the Shinybar1.3 Horizontal theme. It makes the buttons on the bar look like the Windows 7 Superbar buttons.

Extra themes available on the Appearance tab

Once you have selected a theme, click the circular arrow button to the right of the drop-down list. This reloads the theme.

Reloading the theme

Now, the buttons on the bar have a shiny background bar on them, similar to Windows 7.

DockBarX with new theme

Play around with the preferences in DockBarX until you get the bar to look and behave the way you want.

by Lori Kaufman

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Comments [6]

  1. Jack says:

    Im not a big fan of Ubuntu, but Windows 7 Ultimate totally rocks any other OS currently on the market.. maybe Chromium OS will compete with with properly.

  2. M7S says:

    This is one of most coprehensive dockbarx how-tos I've seen. The only thing that is a bit odd is that you use a graphical way to enable the ppa but terminal to install from it. And why go through right click->move, when all you have to do is grab the handle with left mouse button and move it?

    For opacify: Make sure that dbus plugin is enabled in compiz config so that dockbarx can communicate with compiz. The other compiz options should be set automatically by dockbarx when you enable opacify from the preference dialog of dockbarx.

  3. [...] Enable a “Windows 7 Superbar” in Ubuntu 10.04 [...]

  4. Warrick says:

    Linux isn't trying to be windows, stop comparing it to windows and making out that ubuntu can't do this and that becuase windows can, what about what windows can't do?? like run linux software?? at least linux can run some windows software for those who need it.

    Linux is linux, it is not a replacement for windows, it was never supposed to be, infact, linux has been around for longer.

    If you want your ubuntu to be like windows 7 then you should be using windows 7 as linux is a real OS for hardcore users. I can't believe some people who install ubuntu then start asking stupid questions like.. why can't i install my windows games and programs??? My anwser is this.. Do you put your Wii games in your PS3 ???? well why not since you seem to think you can run all your windows software on linux! LOL, maybe you even try to put your DS games in your Xbox360??? That's how ridiculous your suggestion is.

  5. ZekeSulastin says:

    Warrick, you DO realize that one of the neat things about Linux is that the user gets the ability to choose how they work with the software, whether it be from a terminal or any number of GUI options. How exactly does adding this detract from Linux, and what do people unfamiliar with WINE have to do with a neat Gnome panel?

    Thanks for the tutorial lkaufman – this was the big thing I missed from Windows 7 :)

  6. fritzroy15 says:

    Hey, thanks for the great tutorial. It really helped clean my toolbar. :)

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