Plus what it does and why you should care
Among the many things that Windows is known for are its many file formats. Whereas MacOS only has a few file formats, Windows has a huge amount more. One of them, which is actually one of the most useful ones, is also not the most well-known. That file format is known as .ISO.
What is an ISO file? What does it do, and why should you care about it?
What Is An ISO File?
As CD & DVD players on hard-drives are gradually phased out in favour of cloud-based downloadable files, ISO files will only become more useful and practical in the future with all those old installation disks you will have lying around in the office. Plus, disks fail all the time, so ISO is a great backup solution.
When you run an installation disk for a piece of software, such as Photoshop (for example), there is a set folder structure with each particular file and folder in a certain place. If you move a file or folder to another place in the structure, the whole thing falls apart because the installer doesn’t know where those files are now located.
An ISO file is an exact duplication of the files and folder structure on an installation disk with the benefit being that the actual physical disk is no longer needed. So you can make disk backups to the cloud as ISO files, and anytime you want to install that piece of software, there is no need to hunt out the disk. Just double-click the ISO file.
You can burn that ISO disk to another disk, move it to a USB stick, email it, or leave it in cloud storage, just like any other regular file. Since many installation disks can run to several gigabytes of file space though, email or cloud storage may prove a challenge unless you can compress the file some more.
How To Create An ISO File
Creating an ISO file is not a difficult process at all. In fact, there are many freeware options out there for doing this. Since I like my solutions to be as free and simple as possible, I have always gone with ISO Creator. It always works a treat.
And to show you how easy it is to make an ISO backup, I have pulled out my very old and very dusty disk copy of Photoshop Elements. I’ll now take you through the process of turning it into an ISO file and then running it.
First, install ISO Creator doing the usual “Next–>Next–>Next…:”
When the program has been installed, start it up and then put the disk you want to make an ISO backup of into your hard-drive.
In the ISO Creator window, you need to configure the following :
- ISO File Path : this tells the program where you want your completed ISO file to be placed on your computer. Click the “Browse” button, navigate to the folder and then type the desired name of the ISO file into the window.
- Volume Name : What the ISO file will be called when it is viewed in Windows Explorer next to the drive letter.
- Folder Path : the location of the installation disk that you want to convert. Click “Browse” and navigate to the disk’s location.
Now click “Start” to begin the conversion process.
The process was finished after only a few minutes.
How To Open & Run An ISO File
Now that you have your ISO file, you obviously need to know how to open it and run it if need be.
For that, you can turn to the freeware Virtual Clone Drive.
Not only does it do the job extremely well but that crazy-looking sheep icon in Windows Explorer is just great. I know, I am easily pleased.
So how does it work? Well if you run a disk, you obviously need a disk reader on your computer to read the data. With Virtual CloneDrive, it makes a temporary virtual drive attached to one of your drive letters (in my case, the “F” drive) and simulates running the disk by opening the ISO file.
After installing Virtual CloneDrive, go to your ISO file, right-click on it and choose “Open With..”. Now select “Mount Files with Virtual CloneDrive”.
If you plan to work with lots of ISO files from now on, you can set Windows to automatically associate ISO files with Virtual CloneDrive to save you a couple of clicks in the future.
When you’ve chosen Virtual CloneDrive as the program to open the ISO file, go to the drive letter now associated with VCD. You will now see your ISO file with the folder and file structure identical to the disk. You can now go ahead and install the program using the setup.exe file.